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Jenis-Jenis Sertifikat Kapal Tanker dan Kapal Cargo

Sertifikat kapal adalah semua sertifikat yang wajib dimiliki oleh kapal yang dikeluarkan oleh pihak yang berwenang. Sebagai pelaut tentu sudah tidak asing lagi mengenai sertifikat kapal namun apakah sobat pelaut benar-benar memahami dan mampu menjawab ketika ditanya mengenai sertifikat apa saja yang harus dimiliki oleh kapal.

jenis jenis sertifikat kapal tanker dan kapal cargo
Sumber : pixabay

Secara umum sertifikat yang harus dimiliki kapal terbagi dalam 3 bagian yaitu :

  • Minor Certificates General Equipments
  • Minor Certificates Safety Equipments
  • Trading certificat

Sertifikat yang harus dimiliki kapal ada yang bersifat permanen yang artinya berlaku selamanya, ada yang memiliki masa aktif bulanan atau tahunan. Sertifikat yang dimiliki kapal tergantung pada jenis dan type kapal tersebut. seperti kapal  Tanker, Kapal Cargo dan kapal penumpang tentu ada beberapa sertifikat yang berbeda . 

Selain itu ada juga kapal dengan ukuran Gross Tonnage yang besar memiliki sertifikat yang tidak dimiliki oleh kapal dengan ukuran Gross tonnage yang kecil. 

Sebagai pelaut tentu sudah tidak asing lagi mengenai sertifikat kapal namun apakah sobat pelaut benar-benar memahami dan mampu menjawab ketika ditanya mengenai sertifikat apa saja yang harus dimiliki oleh kapal.

Sertifikat yang harus dimiliki oleh kapal agar disebut laik laut adalah:

  1. Ship Sanitation Control/ Ship Sanitation Control Exemption (SSCE)
  2. Certificate of Registry
  3. Safety Management Certificate (SMC)
  4. Document of Compliance (DOC)
  5. International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC) 
  6. Maritime Labour Certificate (MLC)
  7. Minimum Safe Manning 
  8. Continuous Synopsis Records (CSR)
  9. Hull & Machinery Coverage 
  10. P&I Club Certificate (Shipowners)
  11. Civil Liability Convention (1992) - Oil Pollution Damage
  12. Civil Liability Certificate - Bunker Convention 2001
  13. Civil Liability Certificate - Wreck removal
  14. International Tonnage Certificate
  15. International Loadline Certificate
  16. Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
  17. Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, Terdiri atas : 
    • Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate (Form R)
    • Shore based Maintenance Agreement
    • Ship Radio Station Licence 
    • LRIT Certificate
    • Checklist for Survey of Cargo Ship Radio Equipment (GMDSS)
    • Checklist for Survey of SSAS, AIS and EPIRB
  18. Annual Verification (Mandatory)
  19. Record of Safety Equipment, Form E
  20. Exemption Certifcate
  21. Intermediate Verification
  22. Annual Verification
  23. EIAPP Engine International Air Pollution Prevention, terdiri atas :
    • EIAPP (Main Engine 1)
    • EIAPP (Main Engine 2)
    • EIAPP (Aux Engine 1)
    • EIAPP (Aux Engine 2)
    • EIAPP (Aux Engine 3)
  24. Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, meliputi :
    • International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate
    • International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate
  25. International Air Pollution Prevention, meliputi :
    • Supplement to the IAPP Certificate - Record of Construction and Equipment
  26. International Energy Efficiency Cert. (IEEC), meliputi :
    • Confirmation of Compliance for Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan ( SEEMP Part II)
    • Statement of Compliance - Fuel Oil consumption Reporting
    • International Anti-fouling Systems (IAFS) Certificate
  27. International Ballast Water Management
  28. Document of Compliance for Garbage Pollution Prevention (Garbage Certificate)
  29. Certificate of Classification
  30. Lifting Appliances - Hose Handling Crane (HHC)
  31. Crew Accommodation Certificate 
  32. Port State Control Inspection (Form A)
  33. Letter of Undertaking
  34. Bill of Sale
  35. Flag State Annual Inspection

Sertifikat Alat Keselamatan Kapal

Sertifikat alat keselamatan kapal yang harus dimiliki oleh kapal antara lain:

  1. Lifeboat Certificate, Meliputi :
    • O Lifeboat & Davit 5 Yearly Servicing / Rescue Boat
    • O Lifeboat & Davit Annual Servicing / Rescue Boat
    • O Lifeboat Breathing Air System (Annual Test)
    • O Lifeboat Breathing Air System (Hydrostatic Test)
  2. Liferaft Certificate 
    • O Liferaft 25 Person Service (Port)
    • O Liferaft 25 Person Service (Stbd)
    • O Liferaft 6 Person Service (Forward)
    • O Hydrostatic Release Unit - Liferaft 25 person (Port)
    • O Hydrostatic Release Unit - Liferaft 25 person (Stbd)
    • O 6hydrostatic Release Unit - Liferaft 6 person (Forward)
  3. Service Report / Certificate
  4. Air Quality Test
  5. Self Contain Breathing Apparatus (Scba) Annual Test
  6. Self Contain Breathing Apparatus (Scba) Air Cylinders Annual Test
  7. Emergency Escape Breathing Device (Eebd) Sets
  8. Emergency Escape Breathing Device (Eebd) Air Cylinders
  9. Portable Fire Extinguishers / Trolley Extinguishers / Portable Foam Applicator Annual Test Certificates
  10. Portable Fire Extinguishers / Trolley Extinguishers / Portable Foam Applicator Hydrostatic Test Certificates
  11. Medical Oxygen Cylinder Annual Test
  12. Medical Oxygen Cylinder Hydrostatic  Test
  13. Immersion Suit Annual Test
  14. Fire Man Suit Annual Test
  15. Co2 High Pressure Fire Fighting System Annualtest (Engine Room And Pumproom)
  16. Co2 High Pressure Fire Fighting System Annual Test (Paint Store And Sample Locker)
  17. Record Of Hydrostatic Test Of Co2 High Pressure Fire Fighting System
  18. Foam System (Low Expansion) Main Deck
  19. Foam Sample Analysis Report (Annual)
  20. Breathing Air Compressor Annual Test
  21. Air Sample Analysis (Annual)
  22. Fire Detection Alarm System
  23. Water Mist Fire Fighting System

Sertifikat kapal yang harus dimiliki oleh kapal tanker adalah:

  1. UTI meter calibration (untuk kapal Tanker)
  2. ODME calibration (untuk kapal Tanker)
  3. Hydraulic Pressure Calibration (700 Bar)
  4. Pressure Gauge (300 Bar)
  5. Pressure Gauge (40 Bar)
  6. Pressure Gauge (10 Bar)
  7. Portable Multigas detector calibration (banyak item tergantung dari jumlah alat yang dimiliki oleh kapal)
  8. Fixed combustible gas detection calibration
  9. Bunker line pressure test
  10. Cargo line pressure test
  11. Tank Cleaning Line Test
  12. Fire Main pressure test
  13. Foam Line pressure test
  14. PV TEST
  15. Certificate of Test and Conformity
  16. Certificate for Loading Instrument
  17. Pilot Ladder Certificates 1
  18. Pilot Ladder Certificates 2
  19. Pilot Ladder Certificates 3
  20. Pressure Test Certificate (Cargo Valve/Butterfly Valve) 
  21. Cargo Pump Hydro Test Report (Pump No. 1)
  22. Cargo Pump Hydro Test Report (Pump No. 2)
  23. Cargo Pump Hydro Test Report (Pump No. 3)
  24. Certificate of Marine Product
  25. Winch Brake Load Test
  26. Certificate of Test and Calibration (ALCOHOL)
  27. Certificate of Inspection by Registered Pharmacist


Yakob Taruklangi
Yakob Taruklangi Hi, I am Yakob Taruklangi, I am seafarer working onboard tanker ship as Deck Officer. I have been working since 2019. My hobby is writing and sharing experience with other specially for marine industry, shipping and life at sea.